Underwood Typewriter Store in the early 1900s in Washington DC.
Experience the rich history of Underwood, a prominent typewriter manufacturer. In 1874, the Underwood family began producing typewriter ribbons and carbon paper, catching the attention of Remington. This inspired them to venture into typewriter manufacturing themselves. The introduction of the Underwood Number 5 in 1900 revolutionized typewriters, becoming the first truly modern typewriter and selling an impressive two million units by the 1920s.
Underwood-Elliott-Fisher, later known as the Underwood Corporation, emerged in the post-World War I era under the leadership of Philip Dakin Wagoner. Their factory in Hartford, Connecticut, produced typewriters at an astonishing rate, solidifying the city's reputation as the Typewriter Capital of the World. During World War II, Underwood contributed to the war effort by manufacturing M1 carbines and barrels for the U.S. government.
In 1959, Olivetti acquired a controlling interest in Underwood, leading to the merger of the two companies in 1963 as Olivetti-Underwood. This expansion allowed Olivetti to enter the electromechanical calculator business while preserving the Underwood brand. Today, Olivetti continues to produce cash registers under the Underwood name, showcasing the lasting legacy of Underwood in the realm of writing and communication.